Medical marijuana is slowly but surely becoming accepted all over the world as a
medicine with places such as Canada legalising it in terms of medicinal use but
not for recreational use. Still, Canada's slow legalisation of cannabis has been a
cautious yet continuous journey.
While medical marijuana was legalised in 2001, people were infact required to
grow their own but in 2013 this changed and was broadened to create a system
that included federally licensed industrial scale producers, this system was called
Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations or MMPR. In 2016 this sysem was
challenged again and on the ground of it being of increased costs and
unreasonably limited access, Canada was given just six months to make a new
one in regards to dispensaries. This encouraged the idea that dispensaries could
operate solely on the terms of it being for medical reasons. There is talk of the full
legalisation of cannabis in Canada come July this year.
Medical marijuana in Canada is used for treating severe illnesses and many other
medical reasons but just how does it benefit us?
Prescriptions are needed for people who want to be able to use medical marijuana
in Canada. With their prescription, people are able to purchase marijuana purely
for medicinal purposes through licensed vendors. It can come in many different
forms such as dried marijuana, a marijuana oil, or fresh buds and leaves that can
be smoked, vaporised, mixed in with food or drunk in a tea. A team of researchers
from the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia and the
BC Cancer agency came up with a new scheduling system for cancer patients.
They developed a strain of marijuana that was called UBC Chemo, it is a pure
indica strain with 21% THC content. The strain was primarily developed to treat
cancer patients without them having to undergo the side effects of chemotherapy
and this is where it got its name. It is a massively popular strain and a legend
amongst regular users.
Cannabis has been helping people in many different ways such as increasing food
consumption. An article from http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-
medicine/medical-marijuana-what%E2%80%99s-it-good/ talks about some
human trials that took place comparing different drugs and how effective they
were in increasing calorie intake, a quote from this article says "a study in healthy
people found that those inhaling marijuana consumed more calories (had “the
munchies”), especially from fatty and sugary snacks, than those inhaling a
placebo." This is because the CB1 receptor is active in many places in the body
that are known to stimulate our eating behaviour such as the limbic forebrain and
certain areas in the stomach. THC can mimick endocannabinoids that can
naturally be found in the body.
As well as increasing food consumption it can also help provide therapeutic benefits
and relieving chronic pain, there has been ongoing clinical trials that have been
telling us how it helps to relieve muscle spasms in people with multiple sclerosis
and a 2015 study investigated 400 people suffering from MS found that muscle
stiffness improved by almost twofold after smoking marijuana. It can also reduze
seizures in children with epilepsy that cannot be controlled with existing
medication. In people with psychological and psychiatric illnesses, marijuana can
even precipitate seizures and in some cases even psychosis and can benefit
people who are dealing with depression, social anxiety and PTSD.
Marijuana is a fascinating plant with many, many uses. Its use in medicine is being
researched all over the world and there are many situations where it can be