How to make your own cannabis edibles



Cannabis edibles are on the rise since Canada’s recent adult-use legalization. Defined as ingestible cannabis-infused products such as candy, chocolate, baked goods, or drinks [*], this method of consumption is characterized by a longer onset of effects; it can take up to four hours to experience the full effects, and can sometimes last as long as 12 - 24 hours. When consuming edible cannabis, it’s a great idea to start low and go slow [*].

While edibles are coming soon to CannMart’s online shelves, it’s easy to make your own goodies, too. Here’s how:

Step 1: Decarboxylate your dried flower

The first step to making your own cannabis edibles is seeing whether or not your edibles recipe asks for ‘pre-decarbed’ flower, or if the heating method you will use will decarboxylate the flower while cooking. If your recipe does not ask for decarboxylated cannabis flower, you can skip to the second step.

If you’re unfamiliar with decarboxylation, it’s the process in which you heat the raw cannabis flower in order to transform THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, one of the non-intoxicating compounds) into THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, the intoxicating compound) [*]. This process also turns CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) into CBD (cannabidiol) [*].

Step 2: Make your own cannabis base

Once you’ve decarboxylated your cannabis flower (if your recipe calls for it), you can proceed to the second step: cooking your cannabis base.

Depending on what your edible recipe calls for, determine whether you need to make a cannabis-infused butter, oil, or simple syrup. 

Here’s how to make cannabis-infused butter

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of ground cannabis flower. Make sure you decarb it first. You can add less than a cup of flower if you’d like a lower potency. 
  • 1 cup of butter
  • 1 cup of water

Equipment:

  • Medium-sized pot or saucepan
  • Measuring cup
  • Spatula
  • Thermometer
  • Bowl
  • Strainer
  • Cheesecloth or nut milk bag

Instructions:

  1. Decarb your cannabis by following these steps.
  2. Melt the butter in your saucepan or pot and add water. Simmer on low heat until it begins to melt.
  3. Mix in your decarbed cannabis. 
  4. Simmer on low heat for 2 - 3 hours. Use your thermometer to ensure the temperature doesn’t exceed 200° F and ensure it doesn’t boil. 160° F is ideal, but you want to leave it low because the cannabis is already decarbed. 
  5. Line a strainer with cheesecloth and place it over a large, heat-safe bowl. Carefully pour the butter through the cheesecloth, allowing any excess oil to strain through.
  6. Once the mixture has completely strained, use a funnel to carefully transfer your butter to a container. Remove the cheesecloth from the strainer, using gloves if the butter is still warm (it shouldn’t be hot). If you squeeze out any remaining butter into the bowl, you may also filter unnecessary plant materials through the cheesecloth.
  7. Once completely cooled, put the lid on and store it in the fridge. Once cooled, excess water may form and settle beneath the butter. You can drain out the water by removing the solid butter and draining out the water. Then, incorporate your finished butter into a recipe!

Here’s how to make cannabis-infused oil

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of ground cannabis flower. Make sure you decarb it first for the stovetop option. You can add less than a cup of flower if you’d like a lower potency.
  • 1 cup of the oil of your choice, such as canola, coconut, olive, or avocado oil.

Equipment:

  • Medium-sized pot or saucepan
  • Measuring cup
  • Spatula
  • Thermometer
  • Bowl
  • Strainer
  • Cheesecloth or nut milk bag

Instructions:

  1. Decarb your cannabis by following these steps.
  2. Heat the oil in a pot or saucepan on low heat for 3 - 5 minutes.
  3. Add in your decarbed cannabis and mix well with a spatula.
  4. Continue to cook over low heat for 3 hours. Stir occasionally. The oil should never boil or simmer, but some bubbling is okay. Use your thermometer to ensure that the temperature never gets warmer than 250° F, or boils over and onto the stovetop element.
  5. Line a strainer with cheesecloth and place it over a large, heat-safe bowl. Carefully pour the oil through the cheesecloth, allowing any excess oil to strain through.
  6. Once the mixture has completely strained, use a funnel to carefully transfer your oil into a container.  Remove the cheesecloth from the strainer, using gloves if the oil is still warm (it should not be hot), and squeeze any remaining oil into the bowl.
  7. Once completely cooled, either put a lid on the oil’s container and store it in the fridge, or add to a recipe.

Here’s how to make cannabis-infused simple syrup

Ingredients:

Equipment:

  • Medium-sized pot or saucepan
  • Measuring cup
  • Spatula
  • Thermometer
  • Bowl
  • Strainer
  • Cheesecloth or nut milk bag

Instructions:

  1. Bring the water to a boil on medium heat.
  2. Slowly add in the cannabis. Stir frequently.
  3. Add in the sugar, stirring until it has completely dissolved.
  4. Turn the heat down to low. Cover the cannabis flower and let it cook in the sugar water for 20 minutes. 
  5. Remove the lid and add in the glycerine.
  6. Turn the head back up to medium, stirring constantly for 7 - 8 minutes until it starts to bubble slightly. Ensure that the temperature never goes over 250° F or boils over and onto the stovetop element! 
  7. Once the mixture has thickened, remove from the heat and let cool. 
  8. Once cooled, carefully strain the mixture through the cheesecloth and strainer, into a bowl.
  9. Once the mixture has completely strained, use a funnel to carefully transfer your syrup to a container.  Remove the cheesecloth from the strainer, using gloves if the syrup is still warm (it should not be hot), and squeeze any remaining syrup into the bowl.
  10. Once completely cooled, put the lid on and store in the fridge, or add your finished syrup to a recipe!

Enjoy your creations and remember to start low and go slow to enjoy responsibly!

Step 3: Add your cannabis base to a recipe

Once you’ve made your cannabis base, you’re ready to add it to your edible cannabis recipe. Need some inspiration? Check out our cannabis-infused hot spinach and artichoke dip, brussels sprouts with walnuts and goat cheese, and autumn-inspired treats.